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The Hutchinson Players




Notes


Antinomianism
The word literally means 'against the law'. It was used to describe Anne Hutchinson and her followers in a derogatory manner and had connotations of licentious behavior and heretical doctrine.

puritan vs Puritan
The word puritan is used in a general sense to describe intangible characteristics such as character, conscious leanings or allegiance to certain religious beliefs as opposed to Puritan which implies something distinctly set such as membership in an organization or establishment. The puritans were in agreement about the need for further cleansing of the church institutions through evangelical means and held a basic set of common beliefs, but there was never an official institution of puritanism.

Puritan Beliefs

Church Membership


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The Hutchinson Players: Timeline

July 17, 1591Anne Marbury - born in Alford, Lincolnshire, England
1612Anne Marbury marries William Hutchinson
1630A flotilla of 11 ships with over 1,000 puritans set sail from England to New England
1633Reverend John Cotton arrives in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, religious fervor escalates and the rate of conversions soar.
1634Anne Hutchinson and her family follow their beloved preacher, John Cotton, to New England
1635-1636The heightened level of piety in the Massachusetts Bay Colony levels off as the settlers have overcome the early hardships and begin to become prosperous. Anne's weekly religious discussion groups are initially welcomed.
1636Roger Williams flees to Rhode Island after being banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his belief in freedom of conscience, separation of church and state and his outspoken opposition to the granting of Indian lands to the settlers by King Charles I.
1636Sir Henry Vane arrives in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and a few months later in May, at the age of 23, becomes governor. He sits by Anne Hutchinson's side during her weekly meetings.
May, 1636Reverend John Wheelwright, Anne's brother-in-law, arrives in the Massachusetts Bay Colony only to be later rejected by the Boston congregation as its second teacher
1636The Massachusetts Bay colonists' beliefs begin to be polarized into a "Covenant of Grace" or a "Covenant of Works".
October 25, 1636Reverend John Cotton, John Wheelwright and the orthodox ministers meet to try and resolve the escalating religious conflict.
October 30, 1636John Wheelwright's appointment as a second teacher to the Boston congregation is rejected.
December 1636Cotton and the ministers meet with Anne Hutchinson to discuss her views. Reverend Hugh Peter recalls that she was a "woman of not only difficult in her opinions, but also of an intemperate spirit."
December 1636General Court blames Governor Henry Vane, only 23 at the time, for the conflict and rising threat from Indians and the French.
December 1636General Court dismisses Will Hutchinson from assisting at the particular courts.
January 18, 1637A day of fasting and humiliation is observed to seek God's guidance. Reverend Cotton gives the Fast Day sermon in Boston and invites John Wheelwright to prophesy at the service.
March 1637John Wheelwright is charged and found guilty for sedition and contempt of civil authority for his use of the word "swords" in the Fast Day sermon.
March 1637The organization of the militia is given over to civilian control.
March 1637A petition in support of Wheelwright is signed by 58 men. First signature is that of Captain John Underhill.
May 17, 1637After a 4 year absence John Winthrop is re-elected as governor defeating Henry Vane.
May 17, 1637A militia including Captain John Underhill and Israel Stoughton along with John Wilson as military minister is chosen to join forces with John Mason against the Pequot.
May 17, 1637Henry Vane publicly reads the petition in support of John Wheelwright and the crowd goes wild
May 17, 1637Alien Exclusion order is passed by the General Court forbidding admittance of 'strangers' to the colony for longer than three weeks without permission of the magistrates.
May 17, 1637No Boston man will escort the newly elected John Winthrop as was customary for the governor. John Winthrop is escorted by his servants.
May 26, 1637The war against the Pequot Indians is launched in cooperation with the Connecticut militia headed by Captain John Mason. Underhill and Mason head two forces that destroy the Pequot village by fire.
August 30, 1637Assembly of the ministers at a special synod at Cambridge to identify and refute almost 90 errors of the Antinomians.
October 12, 1637Governor John Winthrop declares a day of thanksgiving and feasting for the soldiers of the Pequot war.
November 2, 1637John Wheelwright is sentenced to banishment and given two weeks to leave the colony.
November 2, 1637Many followers of Hutchinson are disenfranchised and/or banished from the colony. Those who are repentant and submissive receive the lightest punishment.
November 2, 1637Governor John Winthrop and Deputy Governor Thomas Dudley are awarded 1,000 acres of land apiece.
November 2-3, 1637Anne Hutchinson is tried, found guilty and banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony as 'a woman not fit for our society . . .'
November 30, 1637All signers of the petition in support of John Wheelwright are disarmed, including Captain John Underhill.

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